All forms of intellectual property can be exploited in several ways. For example, you can either assign (sell) or licence (allow to use) the intellectual property right to a third party. The intellectual property may be a technological procedure or process or even a trademark.
How you choose to exploit your intellectual property will depend on a number of factors including your business model, the resources available to you, the nature and lifecycle of the product and the manufacturing costs and complexity.
At Oliver & Co. we will point out all of the options available to you and explain to you the benefits and drawbacks of each option to ensure that you are able to make the best decision for you.
Put simply, a licence is a legal permission granted by the owner of the intellectual property right (the licensor) allowing a third party (the licensee) to exploit the intellectual property right on certain contractual terms. A properly drafted licence agreement is therefore essential to:
- define how a third party may use your right and for what purpose;
- ensure a third party uses the right “properly” so as not to dilute, tarnish or prejudice the right in any way;
- ensure you do not fall foul of EC competition law; and
- ensure you receive payment (licence fee / royalties).
Advantages and Disadvantages of Licensing
The advantages of licensing are that you retain ownership and control over the use of the intellectual property right and that you can maximise your commercial returns by obtaining a continuous royalty stream. However, the disadvantages are that you still have to maintain, police and enforce your intellectual property right.
Exclusive or Non-Exclusive
In general, a licence can be granted either on an “exclusive” or a “non-exclusive” basis. If you grant an exclusive licence to a third party, this means that only that third party will, for the duration of the licence have the right to use the intellectual property right in accordance with the contractual terms agreed.
For granting an exclusive license, you should expect to be paid a much higher royalty as opposed to a non-exclusive licence.
On the other hand, if you grant a non-exclusive licence, this means that you can continue to enter into additional non-exclusive licences with other third parties and as such may be able to pursue other commercial opportunities without restriction.
Key Points to Consider
Before entering into licence negotiations you should consider:
- whether you want to enter into an exclusive or non-exclusive licence;
- price and payment structure;
- what geographic area you want the licence to cover;
- how long you want the licence to last;
- whether the licensee can grant sub-licences;
- how to deal with the ownership and availability of “improvements” (relevant to patent licences);
- how much technical assistance should be provided by the licensee to the licensor and how much it will cost;
- the marketing obligations on the licensee and the marketing support from the licensor; and
what warranties and indemnities you are prepared to give (if any) in relation to your intellectual property rights.
If you think you might want to consider protecting and then licensing an intellectual property right then contact our specialist solicitors, Tim Polding, who will be able to provide you with comprehensive advice so that you can both safeguard your position and maximise your income.
Call and speak to a member of our team on 01244 312306